Interface Forwarding - from `eth1` to `eth0` on `EDGE` node.

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linux hadoop interface network

Adding route to all the slaves which reside on a private network to communicate with External Server directly using an EDGE node using Interface Forwarding.

NOTE : Below testing was done on RHEL 6.6

What we are trying to do.

  1. All the slave nodes will send their data to Edge nodes on a private interface.
  2. Edge Node will take the data arriving on the private interface and forward it over a external interface.

NOTE: below I have used slaves for all the nodes which are communicating with EDGE, in the this case making EDGE as the master which acts like a router.

Datanodes ifconfig

Slaves will only run on Private network.

  1. 192.168.0.11 aka eth1 Private Interface.

Here is the ifconfig.

[root@slave-node ~]# ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 
          inet addr:192.168.0.8  Bcast:192.168.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::21d:d8ff:feb7:1efe/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:131581 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:148636 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:11583580 (11.0 MiB)  TX bytes:35866144 (34.2 MiB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
          RX packets:245626 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:245626 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:286415155 (273.1 MiB)  TX bytes:286415155 (273.1 MiB)

Edge Node ifconfig

  1. 172.14.14.214 aka eth0 External Interface
  2. 192.168.0.11 aka eth1 Private Interface.

Here is the ifconfig.

[root@edge-node ~]# ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 
          inet addr:172.14.14.214  Bcast:172.14.14.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::21d:d8ff:feb7:1f7b/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:908442 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:235173 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:77363514 (73.7 MiB)  TX bytes:33167098 (31.6 MiB)

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 
          inet addr:192.168.0.11  Bcast:192.168.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::21d:d8ff:feb7:1f7a/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:210510 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:177170 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:61583138 (58.7 MiB)  TX bytes:16125613 (15.3 MiB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
          RX packets:13799253 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:13799253 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:27734863794 (25.8 GiB)  TX bytes:27734863794 (25.8 GiB)

[root@edge-node ~]#

Configuration.

  1. Create FORWARDer on the Edge node.
  2. Create route on all the slave.
  3. Update /etc/hosts on slave nodes.

1. Create FORWARDer on the Edge node.

  1. If you haven’t already enabled forwarding in the kernel, do so.
  2. Open /etc/sysctl.conf and uncomment net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
  3. Then execute $ sudo sysctl -p
  4. Add the following rules to iptables

Commands.

[root@edge-node ~]# iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING --out-interface eth0 -j MASQUERADE  
[root@edge-node ~]# iptables -A FORWARD --in-interface eth1 -j ACCEPT

2. Create route on all the slave.

Here is the command to add the route in slaves.

[root@datanode ~]# route add -net 172.0.0.0 netmask 255.0.0.0 gw 192.168.0.11 eth0

We are tell all the traffic trying to go to 172.x.x.x will have to use 192.168.0.11 as the gateway. Which is the Private Interface on the Edge Node.

3. Update /etc/hosts on slave nodes.

And then we update the /etc/hosts file with the direct IP of External Server 172.14.14.174, as slave node now should be able to communicate to the External Server.

[root@slave-nodes ~]# ping  172.14.14.174
PING 172.14.14.174 (172.14.14.174) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 172.14.14.174: icmp_seq=1 ttl=127 time=1.02 ms
64 bytes from 172.14.14.174: icmp_seq=2 ttl=127 time=1.04 ms
64 bytes from 172.14.14.174: icmp_seq=3 ttl=127 time=1.03 ms
^C
--- 172.14.14.174 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2892ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 1.020/1.033/1.049/0.038 ms
[root@slave-nodes ~]# ping  172.14.14.141
PING 172.14.14.141 (172.14.14.141) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 172.14.14.141: icmp_seq=1 ttl=127 time=0.968 ms
64 bytes from 172.14.14.141: icmp_seq=2 ttl=127 time=1.01 ms
64 bytes from 172.14.14.141: icmp_seq=3 ttl=127 time=3.73 ms
^C
--- 172.14.14.141 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2350ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.968/1.906/3.732/1.291 ms
Written on October 6, 2015